By continuing to use the site, you allow the use of Cookies and agree to the privacy policy.
.,о.,р..и.:г,.и.,н.;н.,а;,л.. .,н.:а,.х.,о.,д.;и.,т..с.:я,, ..н.;а., .,k;,i..b.:e,;r.,i.,s.,.;.r.:u,
Autoimmune markersBlood biochemistryCancer markersCoagulogramCoprogramElements and vitaminsGeneral blood testGeneral urine testInfection testsOther hormonesSex hormonesSpermogramThyroid hormones

Transcript of the spermogram Спермограмма

  1. Detailed evaluation of semen analysis indicators online with conclusions More about study.
  2. Fill in the analysis table, and Kiberis itself will calculate all the indicators and draw conclusions.
  3. What you entered is automatically used in , and then when .
  4. By starting to use the service, you agree to the user agreement. The service does not replace a visit to the doctor!
Semen properties
Volume Ejaculate volume less than 2 ml qualifies as micropermia, which in most cases is associated with insufficient function of accessory gonads.. Norm «≥2» for a given gender and age. ml
Color Red or brown color indicates presence of blood, which can be caused by presence of tumor, stones in prostate gland, or injury. A yellowish tint may be variant of norm or indicate disease with jaundice or intake of certain vitamins..
Viscosity Small individual drops (up to 2 cm.). Norm «0.1-2» for a given gender and age. cm
Leukocytes In field of vision less than 10 White blood cells are always present.. Norm «1-4» for a given gender and age. in the field of view
Erythrocytes presence of erythrocytes in semen can be associated with tumors, genital trauma, stones in prostate, vesiculitis..
Lecithin grains
Sperm concentration and motility
Concentration million/ml
Total number millions
Actively mobile (A) %
Slightly mobile (B) Slightly mobile with translational motion (B). Norm «10-20» for a given gender and age. %
General mobility (A + B) Progressively motile (PR) sperm. Norm «≥50» for a given gender and age. %
Other types of mobility (C) Non-progressive motile (NP) sperm. Norm «0-4» for a given gender and age. %
Fixed (D) Immotile sperm (D). Norm «0-25» for a given gender and age. %
Strict Kruger morphology
Normal sperm 14% or 4% (for IVF, ICSI). Norm «≥14» for a given gender and age. %
Pathological Proportion of abnormal sperm. Norm «0-86» for a given gender and age. %
Head defects head is oval, length 4-5 microns, width 2.5-4 microns, with an acrosome, which occupies 40-60% of its area. head is connected to neck at an angle of 90 degrees. %
Neck defects neck is thin, even, its length is 7-8 microns, maximum thickness is 1 micron.. %
Tail defects tail is convoluted, which is 10 times longer than the head (the norm is 45 microns).The tail should be one and make up 90% of the total spermatozoa.. %
Combined pathology Units per 100 sperm. units
Spermatogenesis cells Units per 100 sperm. Norm «2-4» for a given gender and age. %
Viability Sperm viability in ejaculate (Blum test). Norm «≥58» for a given gender and age. %
Teratozoospermia index Teratozoospermia is diagnosed when spermatogenesis is disturbed - formation of spermatozoa and their development, when most of cells have an abnormal structure. In ejaculate, their number can reach more than 50%.. Norm «0-1.6» for a given gender and age.
Aggregation Sperm aggregation.
MAR test mixed antiglobulin reaction, MAR-test. Norm «0-10» for a given gender and age. %

Did you find an error in the definition of norms? Miss something important? Write to us.

Brief description of spermogram parameters

The peculiarity of semen analysis is the variability of its parameters is quite high, therefore, in case of negative results, it is recommended to repeat the analysis.

Physical properties of seminal fluid

  1. Volume - the average amount of sperm released during coitus is 3-3.5 ml. Sometimes it ranges from 2 to 6 ml. Low ejaculate volume is a sign of spermatogenesis disorders.
  2. Color - fresh semen normally has a grayish-whitish color with milky-white opalescence. Pathological impurities change the color of sperm (pink or brown - blood, yellow with pyospermia (pus), etc.)
  3. Viscosity is determined after complete dilution of the sperm, along the length of the nerve thread on the stick. Increased sperm viscosity is observed in inflammatory processes in the prostate gland or in the seminal vesicles. A decrease in the viscosity of sperm is characteristic of the lesion of seminal vesicles.
  4. Turbidity is an ejaculate containing a large number of spermatozoa, cloudy, milky-white in color. Vitreous-transparent sperm is poor in spermatozoa (azoospermia).
  5. Acidity (PH) - fresh sperm has a pH of 7.2-7.6. Significant alkalinity of sperm indicates hypospermia or azoospermia and a large amount of sperm plasma. The acidic reaction of the sperm (with the simultaneous absence of fructose) indicates that the alkaline secretion of the seminal vesicles does not fall into the ejaculate, which is observed when the excretory ducts of both seminal vesicles are blocked, but not about the atrophy of the epithelium of the excretory tubules of the testicles.
  6. White blood cells - an increase in white blood cells in semen indicates the presence of inflammatory processes or infections in the genitourinary and reproductive system.
  7. Erythrocytes in the spermogram is a symptom that often indicates the presence of serious diseases of the male reproductive system.
  8. Lecithin grains are a natural product of prostate metabolism. Their reduced number indicates the presence of pathology or improperly collected sperm.

Sperm concentration and motility

  1. Concentration is the most important indicator of the spermogram, reflecting the fertilizing ability of sperm. Normally from 15 million per 1 ml. A decrease in sperm concentration indicates the development of oligozoospermia.
  2. Sperm motility - according to the WHO recommendation from 2010, spermatozoa are divided into
    • Progressively mobile (PR, formerly general mobility A+B).
    • Non-progressive-mobile (NP, previously other types of mobility C).
    • Fixed (IM, D).
    The onset of pregnancy in a natural way is possible if the total number of spermatozoa is not less than 39 million, of which more than 40% are mobile.

Kruger morphology

Semen analysis without morphology according to Kruger is called a preliminary assessment of the ejaculate. And only when assessing strict criteria for morphometry, the analysis can be called a spermogram.

The study of the morphology of spermatozoa, i.e. the determination of cells with normal structure and fertilizing ability in the spermogram, is directly related to the possibility of natural conception.

Other studies in the spermogram

  1. Spermatogenesis cells are cells from which mature spermatozoa are formed in the testicles. An increase in their number indicates ineffective spermatogenesis and indicates a secretory form of infertility. A decrease is a violation of sperm reproduction, up to azoospermia.
  2. The viability of spermatozoa is characterized by the proportion of mobile (living) spermatozoa from their total number.
  3. Teratozoospermia Index (ITZ) is the number of anomalies per abnormal sperm on average. It allows you to predict the chances of both natural fertilization and the success of the IVF procedure.
  4. Aggregation of spermatozoa is their accumulation in the ejaculate in the form of clots, on which the accumulation of mucus and other elements is noted. This condition is considered pathological and may prevent conception.
  5. MAR-test - shows the ratio of sperm coated with antisperm antibodies to their total number. With a high amount of antisperm antibodies, conception is impossible.

Rules for spermogram delivery

According to the recommendation of the WHO (World Health Organization), the delivery of a spermogram should be carried out by masturbation, and not by interrupted sexual intercourse or in another way. To take a sperm test, a specially designated room is equipped in the laboratory. The door in it closes from the inside. To make it easier to take an ejaculate analysis, there are erotic magazines in the room.

If you are assigned a spermogram, the rules of delivery assume 3-4 days of preparation:

  • it is forbidden to take alcoholic beverages (including beer), as well as the use of tobacco;
  • it is forbidden to engage in sexual acts;
  • do not visit saunas, baths, and do not take hot baths.

Repeated delivery of a spermogram involves the implementation of the same rules.

To properly evaluate the results of a spermogram, it is necessary to take it several times. If after the first delivery of the spermogram, the doctor said that the spermogram is bad, do not despair. With repeated analysis, the sperm may have other characteristics. A change in these characteristics may generally affect the interpretation of the transcript of the spermogram.

Clinics for research

Total: 1959, shown: 20

Category - medicine

Rating: 4.4/5. Ratings: 5.

Rate the service 'Transcript of the spermogram'